Home | Italiano | Contact  
  Farm Holidays La Perla Etrusca  
    La Perla   The Park   Apartments    Gallery    Cortona    Rules    Location    Request    Last minute & special offers  

 

   

Cortona

An encounter with Cortona is an encounter with art and history. Getting to know this timeless town is a real rediscovery of our past. Cortona offers testimony to its history as well as an enchanting view of the landscape enclosed by Lake Trasimeno and the Appenines.
Cortona, a small Tuscan city, perched up on a hillside verdant with olive-trees, vineyards and cypresses, looks out over the Valdichiana offering a stunning view of this fruitful plain, hemmed in on the horizon by rolling gentle hills and the expanse of the Trasimeno Lake. The origins of Cortona are lost in the mists of time. As Virgilio’s legend has it Cortona was founded by legendary Dardanus. Villanovian and Etruscan settlements could be found in the are as early as in between the 8th and the 7th century B.C.; Cortona was one of the 12 Lucumonies and held sway over the then fertile Valdichiana. Only later in the 4th century B.C. the town adhered to the Roman alliance. In communal ages Cortona thrived and went through a period of extraordinary artistic fecundity. In 1325 the town became a bishop’s seat and the Casali family, as a reward of their political merits, were conferred the Seigniory of the town which they held as late as 1409 when Ladislaus II, king of Naples, conquered it and sold it to Florence in 1411. In 1529 Cortona followed the fate of the Grand Duchy of Tuscany, first under the Medicis and later, from 1737 on, under the Lorraine, to become eventually, after the 1860 plebiscite, part of the newly-born Kingdom of Italy. Cortona’s buildings, churches and illustrious sons bear testimony to its medieval and renaissance past. The massive walls encircling the town (3 kilometres in length) are well preserved and date back to medieval times if not to (in some portions) to Etruscan times. Medieval and Renaissance Cortona rests over a city layout that dates back to Etruscan times as do a number of funerary monuments to be seen in the area such as the Tanella di Pitagora (2nd century B.C.) and the two burial mounds of the Melone del Sodo.
The town of Cortona owns two important museums: the Museo dell'Accademia Etrusca e della Città di Cortona and the museo Diocesano. The Museo dell’Accademia Etrusca located on the main floor of imposing Palazzo Casali houses a unique collection of Etruscan finds. The museum also houses a comprehensive archaeological collection and art objects ranging from the 12th and 13th century as well as Greek, Roman and Etruscan finds and a real wealth of paintings, sculptures, mosaics, furniture and coin, medal and carved gemstone collections. The most significant finds include the famous Etruscan Lamp (5th century B.C.). The Museo Diocesano ranks amongst the most important museums of Tuscany as it houses a number of masterpieces of Italian art such as paintings form the 14th and 15th century as well as jewellery and textile art masterpieces. Works on display include the magnificent “Annunciazione” by Beato Angelico (1433-34). Other notable works include paintings by Pinturicchio, Luca Signorelli, Pietro Berrettini (also known as “Il Cortona”) and futurist artist Cortona-born Gino Severini. The Museo Diocesano features one of Italy’s most notable painting collections.
Remarkable architectural works include the 13th century Palazzo Civico, the Renaissance Palazzo Casali and a number of outstanding churches such as the church of Santa Maria delle Grazie al Calcinaio, the Basilica of Santa Margherita housing the uncorrupted body of the Saint, the Fortezza del Girifalco, currently hosting important art exhibitions as well as the Franciscan Convent of Le Celle founded in 1211 by Saint Francis whose cell is till to be seen within the complex.


 

 

Cortona

 
Cortona
 
Cortona
 
Cortona
 
Cortona
 LA PERLA ETRUSCA Loc. Catenara, n°925 52042 Camucia - Cortona (AR) Tel. 0575/603957 Cell. 339/5796148  info@laperlaetrusca.com
Mani srl - P. IVA: 01852480514 - Capitale Sociale € 10.000,00 iv - REA: AR143879 - Informativa Cookies